01278 722088

Polden Hills Vets

Polden Hills Veterinary Centre

The Woollands, Brent Road, Cossington, Bridgwater, Somerset, TA7 8LF

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PET TIPS

Truth About Rabbits

Rabbits make wonderful pets and they do require as much care and attention as any other pet. Unfortunately, many people think rabbits require less personal and veterinary attention than a cat or dog but this is not true.

Rabbits have specific requirements and can live for a long time. They are not happy being left alone in a small hutch. Rabbits need company, exercise, warm, safety, good nutrition, veterinary care and of course love from their owners.


Antifreeze


Rabbit Freezing

Rabbits Die In Freezing Hutches! With the nights being cold and people tending to their own warmth, some of us forget about our hoppy friends.

  • Provide plenty of bedding, use straw as well as hay to increase insulation
  • Use covers over water bottles to prevent freezing - check the nozzle as this is the first thing to freeze
  • Use snuggle safes at night and under water bowls
  • Cover hutches and exposed areas with tarpaulin and insulation such as old quilts or blankets
  • Check on bunnies frequently
  • Ensure daily exercise time out of hutches, preferably a permanent run. Keeping moving helps bunnies keep warm

Antifreeze Warning

ANTIFREEZE KILLS! With the nights being cold and people using antifreeze on cars and pipes to prevent freezing there is a risk of spillage or open containers being left unattended. Pets might take a drink or walk in it which is extremely dangerous for them and can kill.

If you suspect your pet has come into contact with antifreeze call us immediately. Do not hesitate because time may be critical and we are always here for you day and night - call 01278 722088.


Lethal Lilies


Does your rabbit get lonely?

"Caring for your rabbit's emotional health and environment as well as its physical health is an important part of owning a rabbit."

Wild rabbits don't live alone they are social animals and live together in groups. Did you know that a pet rabbit living on its own can experience chronic stress as it suffers from boredom and loneliness. Just like us they need a friend! They eat, play and keep warm together. Rabbits groom each other which helps improve their general health. For example, they keep each other's eyes clean and this reduces eye problems.

The PDSA provide a report on the annual survey done on the care of dogs, cats and rabbits and they reported that rabbit companionship is one of the most neglected of animal welfare needs. Many people buy rabbits from the pet store without knowing the full extent of their needs.

To care for your rabbits you must have the right companion and environment. They need a lot of space and the little hutches frequently purchased for the rabbit are far too small. The links to charity websites below will provide more specific outlines of hutch and run space. They also need plenty of the right type of bedding which is replaced frequently. Soiled hutches can attract flies and the flies lay their eggs around a rabbit's rear end or in the faeces in the hutch. The eggs hatch into maggots which burro into the flesh of the rabbit feeding on the flesh! This condition is known as FLYSTRIKE. It is extremely painful for the rabbit and is usually fatal. Prevention is the key!

Rabbits can suffer from dental disorders so providing the right type of food and veterinary care is an important part of responsible pet ownership. Rabbits have very complex and delicate digestive systems so speak to us about what to feed your rabbit. It is essential to maintain a healthy weight by feeding high quality balanced food and providing fresh water daily.

There is lot of good advice available from reliable sources so please take a moment to read up on how to be a kinder and more responsible rabbit owner.

We recommend the following websites where you can find useful information and guidelines for the correct care and companionship for your bunny friend.

The Rabbit Welfare Association & Fund (RWAF)
PDSA
RSPCA

Please remember that as the weather starts to get colder, make sure that your outdoor bunnies and guinea pigs are kept warm. We are always here to discuss your pet's needs!


Importance of Vaccinating Your Pets

Vaccinating your pets against certain diseases is very important as it prevents spreading of diseases, intense suffering and death. Please visit our MEDICAL-Vaccination page for more information about vaccinating your dogs, cats and rabbits. For more information about why vaccinating pets is so important please call us.

You may also find the RSPCA vaccination documents helpful.

RSPCA Dog Vaccine Advice
RSPCA Cat Vaccine Advice


Your Dog Needs Exercise

With the weather being changeable with some very hot days it is important to experience the world as a dog!

"We need exercise all year round and love being out with you but when it is excessively hot please don't exercise us. Only take us for walks in the morning or evening when the pavement won't burn our feet. You wear shoes to stop your feet from getting burnt but our paw pads aren't shoes and get burnt on hot pavements. Walking on hot pavement and in the sunshine increases our risk of heatstroke. If you stop to chat with your friends make sure we can sit on grass in the shade. We still like to go out but please take us out when it is cooler, walk us on grass or in the shade, keep our fur clipped, and remember to give us plenty of fresh drinking water."



Some signs of burned pads:

  • limping, hesitation or refusal to walk
  • licking or chewing at the feet
  • pads look darker in colour
  • part of the pad is missing
  • blisters or redness

Growing Up With A Dog Tips - RSPCA

(Click an image to view a larger size.)

Click here to download the PDF.


Good Behaviour Tips - Dog Trust

(Click an image to view a larger size.)

Click here to download the PDF.


Cat Poison Information

Dogs are usually the ones we think of when it comes to eating something they shouldn't but cats can also be victims of consuming things that are poisonous to them. The Cats Protection League has published a CATS POISONING ADVICE guide which you might find useful.

If you suspect your cat has eaten something they shouldn't then call us immediately. Do not hesitate because time may be critical and we are always here for you day and night - call 01278 722088.


Previous Tips

Chocolate is found in many homes and it's oh so yummy. BUT, it can put pets at serious risk of poisoning. Chocolate contains an alkaloid called theobromine which is toxic to many animals. Dogs in particular must be watched carefully because of their tendency to eat things they shouldn't. Also watch that pets don't eat candy wrapping which can cause intestinal irritation and blockage.

The most common signs of chocolate poisoning are diarrhoea, vomiting, panting, faster heart rate, restlessness, pancreatitis, and neurological problems.

Please call us immediately if you think your pet has eaten chocolate!

Here are some tips for preventing accidental chocolate ingestion:
  • Make a note of where chocolate is hidden for treasure hunts so that none is left behind.
  • Keep all chocolate high up and away from pets, preferably in the cupboard.
  • Don't leave your chocolate unattended at any time.
  • Promptly throw wrappers in the garbage out of reach of your pet.

Harmful human foods

Foods that we eat are not always safe for your pet and some are poisonous to them. Here is a list of some one of the foods that are dangerous to pets.

Alcohol
Even a small amount of alcohol is harmful. Even a tablespoon of alcohol consumed by a cat can cause brain damage and serious harm to the liver.
Energy Drinks, Tea and Coffee
These drinks are high in caffeine causing heart palpitations, muscle tremors, rapid breathing and other serious issues.
Dairy Products
Cats are lactose intolerant and they cannot eat dairy products because they can cause diarrhoea and vomiting. Don't give them milk unless it is specific cat milk which is available in pet stores.
Grapes and Raisins
These can cause serious kidney failure. Dogs are not as fussy as cats so are more likely to eat them so always keep grapes and raisins out of reach.
Tuna
This might be a surprise but cats shouldn't eat tuna. It can cause digestive upset and if consumed on a regular basis may lead to a dangerous condition called steatitis (the body's fat becomes inflamed).
Xylitol (artificial sweetener)
This is found in sugar-free foods and chewing gum. When a dog eats this they suffer from a serious drop in blood sugar which can cause convulsions, seizures, liver failure and in some cases even death.

What do I do if my pet has eaten one of these foods?

If you think that your pet has eaten these dangerous foods call us immediately at 01278 722088. We are always onsite to help you.

It is helpful to figure out how much your pet has eaten because in some cases it might not be serious if the amount ingested was small enough but if it was a large amount they will likely require some treatment.

Pet behavioural problems can be a big challenge, both for finding the source and then stopping the bad behaviour. Here are some tips that can help.

Causes

First, check for any signs of trauma or disease that could be causing your pet to act in an unusual manner. If you find something that needs attention, please bring your pet in to see us right away.

Another important point is to look for any change in your pet's environment that could be causing him or her to feel stressed or neglected. A good example of this type of problem is when a new pet or a new baby is brought into the household.

For cats having problems with their litter box, some chemical cleaners in or near the litter box could be the cause. To a cat, these can sometimes smell like another cat's urine which can cause them to spray or urinate outside the box.

Ideas to Help

Obviously, if your pet is hurt or ill, bring him or her in to see us as soon as possible. If your pet is stressed, try to relieve their stress any way you can, especially by giving them extra love and attention.

Another idea we highly recommend is the use of Pheromone Diffusers. We use these diffusers in our clinic to help pets relax when they're in our care. For your convenience, we sell them as well. The Feliway Diffuser is for cats and the Adaptil Diffuser is for dogs.

An idea at help solve the litter box problem mentioned above is to avoid chemical cleaners, especially bleach. To clean lightly soiled litter boxes, use very hot water and a scrubbing brush. For heavily soiled boxes, use non chemical based organic cleaners.
We are very happy to recommend the well known celebrity, author, and dog behaviourist, Robert Alleyne.

Robert is the owner of The Dog Owners Club and is best known for his appearances on the BBC TV series "Dog Borstal". We were very fortunate that Robert joined us for our Open Day celebration in 2010.

Robert's website is www.thedogownersclub.co.uk

Click here for more information about Robert.

Christmas Hazards!


Cat Safety at Christmas Time

Cats are very inquisitive and playful creatures especially when it comes to shiny, small or decorative items. Our Christmas tree and gift decorations can be ingested by cats, known as foreign body ingestion, causing serious and fatal harm. So what looks like harmless play with tinsel, sellotape, string, berries, nuts and other items could be dangerous.

The International Cat Care website has lots of very helpful information, informative videos and pictures to help you learn more about how to care for your cats, keep them safe, and understand foreign body ingestion damage.
Please visit icatcare.org

Halloween – Caring for your pets

Halloween is fun for you as you dress up your children and go door to door collecting delicious treats! For pets it is not fun and can be potentially harmful! To a pet there are strangely (and often really scary) dressed people coming to the door and wandering around the streets making a noise. Then there is the tasty stash of sweets and chocolate around the house.

Pet Safety Tips!

  • Chocolate and sweets must not be given to pets.
    All forms of chocolate - especially baking or dark chocolate - can be dangerous, even lethal, for dogs and cats. The wrappers are often shiny, crinkly and attractive to pets and if ingested can cause a blockage. Learn more about chocolate on our section Beware – Chocolate can be hazardous to your pet's health.

  • Pets should be safely confined.
    Halloween night is a busy time and the door will be constantly opening and closing with trick or treat visitors. Pets can escape into the night and as they will be frightened they could easily go missing. Small crowds of scary dressed strangers will be shouting loudly for their treats at your door. Animals don't understand this behaviour and it is frightening for them. Dogs are protective of their owners and may become anxious and growl at innocent visitors.

    We recommend that the pets don't have access to the front door and it is best to keep them confined to avoid any problems.

  • Keep pets inside on Halloween night.
    Sadly, cruel people have been known to tease, injure, steal, and even kill pets on Halloween night! Each year cases of cruelty are reported. If you see anyone acting suspiciously around a pet please call the authorities.

  • Cats are particularly at risk - Keep them indoors.
    Make sure your outdoor cats are kept inside several days before and even for several days after Halloween. Black cats are especially at risk from nasty pranks or other cruelty-related incidents. Typically animal shelters do not adopt out black cats during the month of October as a safety precaution.

  • Fire is a hazard.
    Don't keep lit pumpkins and candles around pets. It creates a fun ghostly atmosphere but there is a risk of them burning themselves or knocking it over and causing a fire. Keep fire hazards in mind for Fireworks and Bonfire night as well!

  • Pets don't enjoy costumes!
    Most pets don't like being dressed up so don't dress your pet in a costume unless you know they'll love it. If you do decide to dress a pet up, keep the costume simple, comfortable and make sure it is safe for them to wear:
    • It should not irritate your pet or affect their behaviour
    • Movement should not be restricted in any way – walking, jumping, hearing, breathing, barking or meowing should all be unhindered

Reminder for Parents
Remind your children about how to help pets during Halloween. Children will be excited at Halloween and might not know how loud or high pitched their voices are. Animals' hearing is so much better than ours so those little voices can be frightening and unsettling to pets. Remind them how to behave when visiting houses so they have a safe Halloween and don't unintentionally frighten the pets living there.

The RSPCA has some very helpful information on pets and fireworks so please go to www.rspca.org.uk/adviceandwelfare/pets/general/fireworks

Firework Pet Safety

It is almost November and that means firework season is nearly upon us. Many pets suffer from firework phobia and this can be an extremely stressful time of year. You can help them cope and stay safe. Preparation is the key! There are many things you can do to help make pets feel safe and more at ease— many of these are best started in advance to have maximum effect. Visit our Pet Tips page and speak to us about helping your pet cope.






NOISE FACTOR!

Many pets are frightened by the loud, explosive noises and loud whooshing sounds that fireworks make. Pets that are afraid of noise (have thunderstorm phobias, startle with loud noises, hot air balloons, gunfire, etc.) can be severely affected by fireworks causing severe anxiety.

Noise Factor Tips

  • Make sure all your pets are MICROCHIPPED so that if they do escape and get lost they will be quickly reunited with you.

  • Keep your pet inside while festivities occur. Choose the most sound-proof room and if possible farthest from the noise. Keep the room dark and close all windows and curtains reduce the sound and night sky.

  • It helps to add some calming background sound such as a fan, air conditioner, radio, TV, etc. This help to block out the fireworks sound.

  • Provide your dog some entertainment as a distraction - a stuffed Kong treat works well or play games with them.

  • Make sure your dog, cat, rabbit or any other type of pet has a place to hide. They need to feel they are in a safe place.

  • Always walk your dog early in the evening before the fireworks are likely to begin.

  • Use pheromone products Adaptil for dogs and Feliway for cats. We recommend these products and always use pheromone adaptors in our clinic to help calm your pets while in our care and have found it does help them relax.

  • For more severe cases there are medications that can help them cope during fireworks. Speak to us about the best solution for your pet and their medical condition.

FIREWORKS ARE HARMFUL TO PETS

When we think of fireworks we think of noise but there is another hazard with fireworks! Accidental firework poisoning when fireworks are ingested, thermal injuries from direct contact with a lit firework, or a blockage from the condensed cardboard are potential risks.

Thankfully, most pet owners are aware of the potential dangers of fireworks but accidents happen and animals can become accidentally poisoned or injured.

Hazardous chemicals: Fireworks contain hazardous chemicals such as colouring agents, dangerous heavy metals, sulphur and oxidising agents such as potassium nitrate. Clinical signs of firework poisoning include: Vomiting, drooling, tremors, seizures, painful abdomen, bloody diarrhoea, unable to defecate, loss of appetite, kidney injury, jaundice, bone marrow changes.

Thermal injury: If your pet is exposed to a lit firework, it can cause burns to the face, lips, nose, eyelids, eyes or mouth. Pets should not be around lit fireworks.

Blockage: The cardboard most fireworks are made of is very dense and if accidentally ingested can result in an obstruction. This is painful, potentially fatal and an expensive veterinary visit.

Wishing you all the best keeping your pet safe and remember we are here on-site 24/7 to help you!



We hope this helps you give your
pet the best care possible!